Location Sierra Nevada and Northern California goldfields
Participants: 300,000 prospectors--Outcome: California becomes a
U.S. state and California Genocide
The California Gold Rush (1848â€“1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by
James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.The news of gold brought approximately 300,000 people
to California from the rest of the United States and abroad. The sudden influx of immigration and gold
into the money supply reinvigorated the American economy, and California became one of the few American states
to go directly to statehood without first being a territory, in the Compromise of 1850. The Gold Rush had severe effects
on Native Californians and resulted in a precipitous population decline from disease, genocide and starvation.
By the time it ended, California had gone from a thinly populated ex-Mexican territory, to the home state of the
first presidential nominee for the new Republican Party, in 1856.